Friends! In the first chapter we learn about Arjuna’s fears about war. Arjuna had some questions as he did not have proper knowledge. We also have many questions about our lives. Thats why we need the knowledge. Krishna has given the knowledge of the soul in the Bhagavad-Gita Chapter 2 SankhyaYoga.
Sankhya is useful intellect. Sankhya Yoga is Buddhi Yoga. The role behind Arjuna’s melancholy was sublime. So that melancholy also became melancholy. Practicing Swadharma requires a determined intellect. It takes knowledgeable intellect to know Atmatattva, while it takes intelligent knowledge to practice Karma Yoga. The Lord said Sankhya Yoga so that Arjuna would have such Sankhyabuddhi. In Sankhya Yoga, God told three important things. The first is Swadharmacharan or Swakarmacharan. Bhagwant says that one should practice Swadharma with equal intellect. Second, the soul is immortal. The soul is eternal, is permanent. Even though the body is gone. the soul remains; Then there is no reason to worry. The third thing is renunciation. Doing falasha while doing karma means ego does not remain. The Brahman of Jnana Yoga is Nirguna Nirakar, while the Brahman Saguna of Karma Yoga is formless. Sthitaprajna’s definition of Brahma is Saguna Sakar.
भगवद्गीता अध्याय दुसरा सांख्ययोग
तं तथा कृपयाविष्टमश्रुपूर्णाकुलेक्षणम् ।
विषीदन्तमिदं वाक्यमुवाच मधुसूदनः ।।२-१।।
कुतस्त्वा कश्मलमिदं विषमे समुपस्थितम् अनार्यजुष्टमस्वर्ग्यमकीर्तिकरमर्जुन ।।२-२।।
क्लैब्यं मा स्म गमः पार्थ नैतत्त्वय्युपपद्यते। क्षुद्रं हृदयदौर्बल्यं त्यक्त्वोत्तिष्ठ परन्तप ।।२-३।।
कथं भीष्ममहं सङ्ख्ये द्रोणं च मधुसूदन ।
इषुभिः प्रति योत्स्यामि पूजार्हावरिसूदन।।२-४।।
Sanjay said, so full of compassion, his eyes filled with tears and looking anxious. Lord Madhusudan called Arjuna who was mourning like this, O Arjuna! What caused you to have this temptation at this very moment? Because it is not done by the nobles, it does not get heaven and it is not glorious. So this is Partha! Don’t be stupid. It doesn’t suit you. Let go of the insignificant weakness of the heart and stand up for war. Arjuna said, how can I fight with arrows against Bhishmapitamaha and Dronacharya in war? Because they are both revered.
गुरुनहत्वा हि महानुभावान् श्रेयो भोक्तुं भैक्ष्यमपीह लोके।
हत्वार्थकामांस्तु गुरुनिहैव भुञ्जीय भोगान् रुधिरप्रदिग्धान् ।।२-५।।
न चैतद्विद्यः कतरन्नो गरीयो यद्वा जयेम यदि वा नो जयेयुः । यानेव हत्वा न जिजीविषाम स्तेऽवस्थिताः प्रमुखे धार्तराष्ट्राः ।।२-६।।
So without killing these noble gurus, I think it is better to beg in this world. Because even after killing the gurus, these people do not want to suffer the blood-stained meaning and lust. We do not know which is better, the war or not. Nor do we know whether we will win them or whether they will win us. And those who do not even want to kill us, our brothers Dhritarashtraputra are standing against us.
कार्पण्यदोषोपहतस्वभावः पृच्छामि त्वां धर्मसम्मूढचेताः ।
यच्छ्रेयः स्यान्निश्चितं ब्रूहि तन्मे शिष्यस्तेऽहं शाधि मां त्वां प्रपन्नम्।।२-७।।
नहि प्रपश्यामि ममापनुद्याद् यच्छोकमुच्छोषणमिन्द्रियाणाम्। अवाप्य भूमावसपत्नमृद्धं – राज्यं सुराणामपि चाधिपत्यम्।।२-८।।
Due to compassionate misery whose original nature has disappeared. And the one whose intellect is incapable of deciding religion. So I’m asking you, tell me which tool is definitely beneficial. For I am your disciple. Preach to me Because, I don’t see any solution that can alleviate the grief that absorbs my senses, even if the earth gets an enemy-free and rich kingdom or even the ownership of the gods. Arjuna was a close brother of Lord Krishna, a devotee and a friend.
Krishna’s teachings :- In Bhagavad-Gita Chapter 2 SankhyaYoga
एवमुक्त्वा हृषीकेशं गुडाकेशः परन्तप । न योत्स्य इति गोविन्दमुक्त्वा तूष्णीं बभूव ह।।२-९।।
तमुवाच हृषीकेशः प्रहसन्निव भारत। सेनयोरुभयोर्मध्ये विषीदन्तमिदं वचः ।।२-१०।। न त्वेवाहं जातु नासं न त्वं नेमे जनाधिपाः । न चैव न भविष्यामः सर्वे वयमतः परम् ।।२-१२।।श्रीभगवानुवाच अशोच्यानन्वशोचस्त्वं प्रज्ञावादांच भाषसे। गतासूनगतासूंच नानुशोचन्ति पण्डिताः।।२-११।।
Sanjay said, O king! Arjuna, who was in control of his sleep, told Lord Krishna in the distance that he would not fight, and he became silent. In the end Lord Krishna is in the middle of both the armies. The mourner smiled and said, “This is Arjuna!” You mourn for those who should not mourn, and you argue like scholars. But scholars do not mourn for those who have died, nor for those who have not. I never was, you weren’t, or these kings weren’t, either. And that doesn’t mean we won’t have it anymore.
देहिनोऽस्मिन्यथा देहे कौमारं यौवनं जरा। तथा देहान्तरप्राप्तिधरस्तत्र न मुहाति।।२-१३।। मात्रास्पर्शास्तु कौन्तेय शीतोष्णसुखदुःखदाः। आगमापायिनोऽनित्यास्तांस्तितिक्षस्व भारत।। २-१४।। यं हि न व्यथयन्त्येते पुरुषं पुरुषर्षभ । समदुःखसुखं धीरं सोऽमृतत्वाय कल्पते ।।२-१५।।
Just as the soul gets childhood, youth, and old age in this body, so it gets another body. Patient men are not tempted about this. O son of Kunti! The combination of the senses with the subjects is cold-heat and pleasure-giving. They are impermanent as they arise and disappear. So this is India! You bear it, because you are a great man! The patient man, who considers happiness and sorrow to be equal, is not disturbed by the association of these senses with the subject matter, he is worthy of salvation.
नासतो विद्यते भावो नाभावो विद्यते सतः । उभयोरपि दृष्टोऽन्तस्त्वनयोस्तत्त्वदर्शिभिः ।।२-१६।। अविनाशि तु तद्विद्धि येन सर्वमिदं ततम् । विनाशमव्ययस्यास्य न कश्चित्कर्तुमर्हति ।।२-१७।। अन्तवन्त इमे देहा नित्यस्योक्ताः शरीरिणः । अनाशिनोऽप्रमेयस्य तस्माद्युध्यस्व भारत ।।२-१८।।
False things do not exist and good things do not lack. In this way philosophical men have seen the true nature of both. Remember that there is no destruction for the one who covers all these visible worlds. No one can destroy that indestructible. It has been said that the bodies of these indestructible, innumerable, everlasting souls are perishable. So this is Bharatvanshi Arjuna! You fight
The soul is immortal
य एनं वेत्ति हन्तारं यश्चैनं मन्यते हतम् । इभौ तौ न विजानीतो नायं हन्ति न हन्यते ।।२-१९।।
न जायते म्रियते वा कदाचि न्नायं भूत्वा भविता वा न भूयः ।
अजो नित्यः शाश्वतोऽयं पुराणो न हन्यते हन्यमाने शरीरे ।।२-२०।। वेदाविनाशिनं नित्यं य एनमजमव्ययम्।
कथं स पुरुषः पार्थ कं घातयति हन्ति कम्।।२-२१।।
In such a way that one considers the indestructible, the killer of the soul. Also, Joe thinks this is dead. They are both ignorant, because this soul does not actually kill anyone and is not killed by anyone. This soul is never born and never dies. Also, once it is born, it will not be reborn, because it is unborn, eternal, eternal and ancient. Even if the body is killed, the self is not killed. Hey Partha! How will this spirit kill someone or how will it kill someone? The main problems are birth, old age, disease and death.
वासांसि जीर्णानि यथा विहाय नवानि गृण्हाति नरोऽपराणि । तथा शरीराणि विहाय जीर्णा न्यायानि संयाती नवानि देही ।।२-२२।। नैनं छिन्दन्ति शस्त्राणि नैनं दहति पावकः । न चैनं क्लेदयन्त्यापो न शोषयति मारुतः ।।२-२३।। अच्छेद्योऽयमदाह्योऽयमक्लेद्योऽशोष्य एव च। नित्यः सर्वगतः स्थाणुरचलोऽयं सनातनः ।।२-२४।।
Just as a man throws away old clothes and buys new ones. In the same way, the soul leaves the old body and goes to another new body. This soul cannot be cut by weapons, cannot be lit, cannot be soaked in water. And the wind can’t dry it. Because this soul cannot be cut, cannot be burned, cannot be soaked. And is undoubtedly irreplaceable. Also, this soul is eternal, omnipresent, unchanging, stable and eternal.
अव्यक्तोऽयमचिन्त्योऽयमविकार्योऽयमुच्यते । तस्मादेवं विदित्वैनं नानुशोचितुमर्हसि ।।२-२५।। अथ चैनं नित्यजातं नित्यं वा मन्यसे मृतम् । तथापि त्वं महाबाहो नैवं शोचितुमर्हसि ।।२-२६।। जातस्य हि ध्रुवो मृत्युर्ध्रुवं जन्म मृतस्य च । तस्मादपरिहार्येऽर्थे न त्वं शोचितुमर्हसि ।।२-२७।।अव्यक्तादीनि भूतानि व्यक्तमध्यानि भारत। अव्यक्तनिधनान्येव तत्र का परिदेवना।।२-२८।।
आश्चर्यवत्पश्यति कश्चिदेन माश्चर्यवद्वदति तथैव चान्यः । आश्चर्यवच्चैनमन्यः श्रृणोति श्रुत्वाप्येनं वेद न चैव कश्चित् ।।२-२९।। देही नित्यमवध्योऽयं देहे सर्वस्य भारत। तस्मात्सर्वाणि भूतानि न त्वं शोचितुमर्हसि ।।२-३०।।
O Arjuna! All animals are invisible before birth. And will be invisible even after death. Are only manifested in. So how to mourn in such a situation? Only a great man sees this soul in amazement. And in the same way another great man describes this principle in a surprising way. Also, another male officer is surprised to hear this. And some people don’t even know it. O Arjuna! This soul is always immortal in everyone’s body. So you don’t have to mourn for all the animals.
In this way Vasudeva Krishna is imparting supernatural knowledge to Arjuna. What is the soul? In this article you will learn that he is immortal. Bhagavad Gita Chapter 2 Sankhya Yoga (Part 1) You have understood. Click on the button below to know the complete Sankhya Yoga. And what you have learned from these verses must be reported in the comment box.