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Bhagavad-Gita chapter 4 :- Jnankarma sanyasyoga

We learned from Karma Yoga that we should do Nishkam Karma . God says that this karma should be accompanied by knowledge. We will do the right thing only if we have the right knowledge. In Bhagavad-Gita Chapter 4 Jnankarmasanyasyoga We will understand the importance of knowledge.

Karma takes the place of quality. Gyanoba has explained the prescribed karma, vikarma (forbidden karma), akarma (non-karmic achievement). Once it is understood, every deed is as sacred as a sacrifice. For this, one has to embrace the best virtues. For this, various acts of worship are required. Every action eventually turns into knowledge. Surrender, faith, service etc. to attain enlightenment. Have to do.

If our karma has the eyes of knowledge, then the prescribed karma of a human being turns into karma sannyasa, that is, nishkam karma. If one leaves Falasha, then through Nishkam Karma there is attainment of Brahman and Moksha, which is mindfulness, enlightenment, supreme bliss. Vinoba calls this chapter Karma Yoga-Sahakari-Sadhana, while Dnyaneshwar Maharaj calls it Brahmarpan Yoga.

Bhagavad-Gita Chapter 4 Jnankarmasanyasyoga

श्रीभगवानुवाच
इमं विवस्वते योगं प्रोक्तवानहमव्ययम् ।
विवस्वान्मनवे प्राह मनुरिक्ष्वाकवेऽब्रवीत् ।।४-१।।
ॐ एवं परम्पराप्राप्तमिमं राजर्षयो विदुः । ।
स कालेनेह महता योगो नष्टः परन्तप ।।४-२।।

Shri Bhagwan said, I had told this indestructible yoga to the sun. Surya told his son Manu and Manu told his son Raja Ikshvaku. O Parantap Arjuna! This is how Rajarshi came to know this tradition; But for a long time after that, this yoga became extinct on this earth.

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 4 Jnankarmasanyasyoga
Bhagavad-Gita Chapter 4 Jnankarmasanyasyoga

स एवायं मया तेऽद्य योगः प्रोक्तः पुरातनः ।
भक्तोऽसि मे सखा चेति रहस्यं ह्येतदुत्तमम्।।४-३।।
अर्जुन उवाच कथमेतद्विजानीयां त्वमादौ प्रोक्तवानिति|
अपरं भवतो जन्म परं जन्म विवस्वतः।।४-४।।

You are my devotee and dear friend, so I have told you this ancient yoga today. Because it is very good and mysterious. Of course, it is a secret. Arjuna said that our birth was recent and that the Sun was born long ago, that is, in Kalpa. So how do we know that we were the ones who taught this yoga to the sun?

श्रीभगवानुवाच
बहूनि मे व्यतीतानि जन्मानि तव चार्जुन।
तान्यहं वेद सर्वाणि न त्वं वेत्थ परन्तप ।। ४-५।।
अजोऽपि सन्नव्ययात्मा भूतानामीश्वरोऽपि सन् ।
प्रकृतिं स्वामधिष्ठाय सम्भवाम्यात्ममायया ।।४-६।।

Lord Krishna said, this is Arjuna! You and I have had many births. You don’t know them all, but I know them. I am bornless and indestructible. He is also the God of all animals. By surrendering to our nature, it is manifested by our Yogamaya.

यदा यदा हि धर्मस्य ग्लानिर्भवति भारत। अभ्युत्थानमधर्मस्य तदात्मानं सृजाम्यहम् ।।४-७।। परित्राणाय साधूनां विनाशाय च दुष्कृताम् । धर्मसंस्थापनार्थाय सम्भवामि युगे युगे ।।४-८।।

This is India! Whenever Dharma-haas and Adharma increase, then I create my form, that is, I take shape and appear before the people. For the salvation of the righteous, for the destruction of sinners, and for the perfect establishment of religion, I have appeared in the ages to come.

जन्म कर्म च मे दिव्यमेवं यो वेत्ति तत्त्वतः ।
त्यक्त्वा देहं पुनर्जन्म नैति मामेति सोऽर्जुन।।४-९।।
वीतरागभयक्रोधा मन्मया मामुपाश्रिताः ।
बहवो ज्ञानतपसा पूता मद्भावमागताः ।।४-१०।।

O Arjuna! The man who knows in principle that my birth and karma are divine, that is, pure and supernatural, is not reborn after giving up the body, but comes to me. Even in the past those whose attachment, fear and anger had completely disappeared. And who lived in me with unique love. Many devotees who took refuge in me became sanctified by the above-mentioned knowledge. And have received my form.

ये यथा मां प्रपद्यन्ते तांस्तथैव भजाम्यहम्।
मम वर्त्मानुवर्तन्ते मनुष्याः पार्थ सर्वशः ।।४-११।।
काङ्क्षन्तः कर्मणां सिद्धिं यजन्त इह देवताः।
क्षिप्रं हि मानुषे लोके सिद्धिर्भवति कर्मजा ।।४-१२।।

Hey Partha! I worship the devotees as they worship me. Because all human beings follow my path in every way. People who desire the fruits of their deeds in this world worship the deities. Because they soon get the achievement that comes from karma.

चातुर्वर्ण्यं मया सृष्टं गुणकर्मविभागशः ।
तस्य कर्तारमपि मां विद्ध्यकर्तारमव्ययम् ।।४-१३।।
न मां कर्माणि लिम्पन्ति न मे कर्मफले स्पृहा ।
इति मां योऽभिजानाति कर्मभिर्न स बध्यते ।।४-१४।।

I have created a group of four characters, Brahman, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra, by the division of Guna and Karma. In this way, in spite of the fact that I am the doer of the creation, etc., I consider the indestructible Supreme Being as the real doer. I have no desire for the fruits of my labor. So karma does not indulge me. In this way, even the one who knows me is not bound by karma.

एवं ज्ञात्वा कृतं कर्म पूर्वैरपि मुमुक्षुभिः ।
कुरु कर्मैव तस्मात्त्वं पूर्वैः पूर्वतरं कृतम्।।४-१५।।
किं कर्म किमकर्मेति कवयोऽप्यत्र मोहिताः ।
तत्ते कर्म प्रवक्ष्यामि यज्ज्ञात्वा मोक्ष्यसेऽशुभात्।।४-१६।।

Even the previous seekers have done deeds knowingly in this way. So do the deeds that your ancestors always did. Even intelligent people get confused when it comes to deciding what is karma and what is akarma. I will explain that principle of karma to you. Then you will get rid of bad luck.

कर्म आणि विकर्म – योग्य आणि अयोग्य कर्म

कर्मणो ह्यपि बोद्धव्यं बोद्धव्यं च विकर्मणः ।
अकर्मणश्च बोद्धव्यं गहना कर्मणो गतिः ।।४-१७।। कर्मण्यकर्म यः पश्येदकर्मणि च कर्म यः ।
स बुद्धिमान्मनुष्येषु स युक्तः कृत्स्नकर्मकृत् ।।४-१८।।

One should also know the nature of karma and also know the nature of akarma. One should also know the nature of Vikrama, because it is difficult to understand the philosophical nature of Karma. The man who sees Akram in Karma and Karma in Akram, is the wisest of men, and he is the Yogi who does all deeds.

यस्य सर्वे समारम्भाः कामसङ्कल्पवर्जिताः।
ज्ञानाग्निदग्धकर्माणं तमाहुः पण्डितं बुधाः ।।४-१९।।
त्यक्त्वा कर्मफलासङ्गं नित्यतृप्तो निराश्रयः ।
कर्मण्यभिप्रवृत्तोऽपि नैव किञ्चित्करोति सः ।।४-२०।।

Whose all the scriptural deeds are without desire and without determination, and also all his deeds have been burnt by the fire of knowledge. That great man is also called Pandit by wise people. One who completely renounces attachment to all deeds and their fruits. Also, leaving the worldly shelter, one is always satisfied in the Supreme. He does nothing despite his good deeds.

निराशीर्यतचित्तात्मा त्यक्तसर्वपरिग्रहः।
शारीरं केवलं कर्म कुर्वन्नाप्नोति किल्बिषम्।।४-२१ ।।
यदृच्छालाभसन्तुष्टो द्वन्द्वातीतो विमत्सरः।
समः सिद्धावसिद्धौ च कृत्वापि न निबध्यते।।४-२२।।

Who has conquered the body with the heart and the senses. And all pleasures are forsaken. A person who does not have such hope does not become a sinner just by doing bodily deeds. Who is always satisfied with the food he gets automatically without desire. One who does not feel jealousy at all, who has completely gone through the dilemma of happiness and sorrow etc. The one who has such perfect and imperfect balance is doing karmyogi karma and he is not bound by it.

गतसङ्गस्य मुक्तस्य ज्ञानावस्थितचेतसः।
यज्ञायाचरतः कर्म समग्रं प्रविलीयते ।।४-२३।।
ब्रह्मार्पणं ब्रह्म हविर्ब्रह्मानौ ब्रह्मणा हुतम् ।
ब्रह्मैव तेन गन्तव्यं ब्रह्मकर्मसमाधिना।।४-२४।।

Whose attachment is completely gone, who is devoid of carnal pride and mamtva, whose mind is always fixed on the knowledge of the Supreme, the whole karma of a man who performs karma only for yajna is completely gone. In which Yajna Arpan i.e. Sruva Adi is Brahman. And the substance to be offered is also Brahman. Also the act of sacrificing in Brahmarupa Agni by such a Brahmarupa karta is also Brahman, the fruit to be obtained by the yogi who is situated in that Brahmarkarma is also Brahman.

दैवमेवापरे यज्ञं योगिनः पर्युपासते।
ब्रह्मानावपरे यज्ञं यज्ञेनैवोपजुह्वति ।।४-२५।।
श्रोत्रादीनीन्द्रियाण्यन्ये संयमाग्निषु जुह्वति ।
शब्दादीन्विषयानन्य इन्द्रियाग्निषु जुह्वति ।।४-२६।।

Some other yogis perform the Yajna in the form of devotional worship in the best possible way, while other yogis perform the Yajna in the form of Abheddarshan in the form of Parabrahma Paramatma. Some other yogis burn the senses like ears etc. in the fire, while other yogis burn all the senses like words etc. in the fire.

सर्वाणीन्द्रियकर्माणि प्राणकर्माणि चापरे।
आत्मसंयमयोगाग्नौ जुह्वति ज्ञानदीपिते ।।४-२७।।
द्रव्ययज्ञास्तपोयज्ञा योगयज्ञास्तथापरे।
स्वाध्यायज्ञानयज्ञाश्च यतयः संशितव्रताः ।।४-२८।।

The other yogi illuminates with the knowledge of all the actions of the senses and all the actions of the soul which burns in it the fire of self-control. Some people are materialistic. Some are ascetics. Also some others are doing yoga form yagna. No matter how hard-working people who follow strict vows like non-violence etc., they are self-sacrificing.

अपाने जुह्वति प्राणं प्राणेऽपानं तथापरे ।
प्राणापानगती रुद्धवा प्राणायामपरायणाः ।।४-२९।।
अपरे नियताहाराः प्राणान्प्राणेषु जुह्वति ।
सर्वेऽप्येते यज्ञविदो यज्ञक्षपितकल्मषाः।।४-३०

Some other yogis burn oxygen in apanavayu. Also other yogis burn apanavayu in oxygen. In the same way, many other people who take regular diet, who are eager for pranayama, stop the movement of prana and apana and burn the prana in the prana itself. All these seekers are the ones who destroy sins through sacrifices and know the sacrifices.

यज्ञशिष्टामृतभुजो यान्ति ब्रह्म सनातनम् ।
नायं लोकोऽस्त्ययज्ञस्य कुतोऽन्यः कुरुसत्तम ।।४-३१।।
एवं बहुविधा यज्ञा वितता ब्रह्मणो मुखे।
कर्मजान्विद्धि तान्सर्वानेवं ज्ञात्वा विमोक्ष्यसे ।।४-३२।।

O Kurushrestha Arjuna! Yogis who experience the nectar left over from the Yajna attain Sanatan Parabrahma Paramatma. Even this human world is not pleasing to a person who does not perform Yajna. So how will the afterlife be pleasant? Similarly, many other types of sacrifices have been elaborated in the Vedavani. They are all produced by the actions of the mind, senses and body. Such an understanding. By knowing and performing the rituals in this way, you will be completely free from karmabandhan.

श्रेयान्द्रव्यमयाद्यज्ञाज्ज्ञानयज्ञः परन्तप ।
सर्वं कर्माखिलं पार्थ ज्ञाने परिसमाप्यते।।४-३३।।
तद्विद्धि प्रणिपातेन परिप्रश्नेन सेवया।
उपदेक्ष्यन्ति ते ज्ञानं ज्ञानिनस्तत्त्वदर्शिनः ।।४-३४।।

O Parantap Arjuna! Jnanayagya is much superior to mass sacrifice. Also, all karma ends in knowledge. Understand that knowledge by going to the enlightened people. By saluting them, by serving them, and by sincerely asking them questions, those wise Mahatmas who know the Supreme Principle well will teach you that philosophy.

यज्ज्ञात्वा न पुनर्मोहमेवं यास्यसि पाण्डव।
येन भूतान्यशेषेण द्रक्ष्यस्यात्मन्यथो मयि ।।४-३५।।
अपि चेदसि पापेभ्यः सर्वेभ्य: पापकृत्तमः ।
सर्वं ज्ञानप्लवेनैव वृजिनं सन्तरिष्यसि ।।४-३६।।

Knowing this, you will not be tempted again. Also this Arjuna! The knowledge by which you will see all living beings completely first in you and then in Maj Sachchidanandaghan Paramatma. Even though you are more sinful than all the other sinners, you will surely cross the whole ocean of sin in a boat of knowledge.

यथैधांसि समिद्धोऽग्निर्भस्मसात्कुरुतेऽर्जुन।
ज्ञानाग्निः सर्वकर्माणि भस्मसात्कुरुते तथा।।४-३७।।
न हि ज्ञानेन सदृशं पवित्रमिह विद्यते।
तत्स्वयं योगसंसिद्धः कालेनात्मनि विन्दति ।।४-३८।।

Because O Arjuna! Just as a burning fire burns to ashes, so the fire of knowledge burns to ashes. Surely there is nothing else in this world that sanctifies like knowledge. A person who has been purified of his heart by karma for a long time, automatically acquires that knowledge in his soul

श्रद्धावाँल्लभते ज्ञानं तत्परः संयतेन्द्रियः |
ज्ञानं लब्ध्वा परां शान्तिमचिरेणाधिगच्छति ।।४-३९।।
अज्ञश्चाश्रद्दधानश्च संशयात्मा विनश्यति ।
नायं लोकोऽस्ति न परो न सुखं संशयात्मनः।।४-४०।।

A sensible, resourceful and devout person acquires knowledge. And after attaining knowledge, he immediately attains Bhagavatpraptirupa paramshanti. An irrational and unsympathetic skeptic is sure to deviate from Parmartha. To a skeptic, neither this world, nor the hereafter, nor happiness.

योगसंन्यस्तकर्माणं ज्ञानसञ्छिन्नसंशयम्।
आत्मवन्तं न कर्माणि निबध्नन्ति धनञ्जय ।।४-४१।।
तस्मादज्ञानसम्भूतं हृत्स्थं ज्ञानासिनात्मनः ।
छित्त्वैनं संशयं योगमातिष्ठोत्तिष्ठ भारत ।।४-४२।।
ॐ तत्सदिति श्रीमद्भगवद्गीतासूपनिषत्सु ब्रह्मविद्यायां योगशास्त्रे श्रीकृष्णार्जुनसंवादे ज्ञानकर्मसंन्यासयोगो नाम चतुर्थोऽध्यायः ॥

Hey Dhananjaya! Who has offered all karma to Paramatman by the method of Karma Yoga. And karma does not become binding on a man who has a subconscious mind who has destroyed all doubts by conscience. So this is Bharatvanshi Arjuna! Destroy your doubts arising from this ignorance in your heart with the sword of discernment and remain steadfast in equal karma yoga and stand for war. Thus ended the Bhagavad-Gita Chapter 4 Jnankarmasanyasyoga.

We must dedicate all our work to God. One should devote oneself to the work which will benefit this creation. You all must have understood the Bhagavad-Gita Chapter 4 Jnankarmasanyasyoga. Let me know exactly what you learned from this.

In the next article, we will consider the fifth chapter. May God give us all the right intellect and strength! Thanks!

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